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Term: Digital package

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Term: Digital package


The set of files that comprise all of the parts of an item, e.g., the images for all the pages in a book or the sound files for both sides of a 78 rpm phonodisc. In addition, a package may include other files, e.g., the book's marked-up text, a transcription of the phonodisc's music, or relevant metadata, e.g., information about printed matter provided in the ALTO (Analyzed Layout and Text Object) schema.

Some reformatting programs bind these sets of files together in a virtual way using approaches that include metadata schema like the Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS) or by the use of an "item subdirectory" in a file system. In a library setting, digital packages generally correlate to what are called manifestations in the parlance of the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR), and thus to identifiers like the LCCN or ISBN. In an archive, digital packages generally correlate to an item in, say, an EAD finding aid, and to identifiers that reference the name for the collection, series, and item.

This term may be compared to the terms representation and intellectual entity as defined in Introduction and Supporting Materials from PREMIS Data Dictionary (p. 7).

Introduction and Supporting Materials from PREMIS Data Dictionary
See also:
Digital package part; Digital file; Representation (PREMIS term); Intellectual entity (PREMIS term); Object (PREMIS term)